dezembro 30, 2010
Vale o registro da Coluna do Rodrigo Bueno hoje na Folha de São Paulo. Sempre ouvimos dizer que a Copa do Mundo de 1.962 foi ganha pelo Brasil com o genial futebol de Garrincha e, também, com a ajuda nefasta da influencia negativa dos poderosos e da mala preta de dinheiro. Pois bem, praticando o bom jornalismo, Rodrigo Bueno põe tudo as claras, da nome aos bois e entrega as provas. Ao mesmo tempo em que o Brasil deve orgulhar- se de seus craques, tem que sentir vergonha de fatos como o daquela Copa.
Certamente algum “patriota” de plantão dirá que “roubado eh mais gostoso”, ou que “para ganhar vale tudo e tem que jogar o jogo”. Nada disso, melhor, sempre, perder honestamente do que vencer carregando eternamente na bagagem o peso da trapaça.
Para apurar casos de corrupção no esporte não há prescricao, nem decadência. A FIFA deveria abrir uma comissão especial e independente para investigar esses fatos e punir os culpados.
Mas eh certo que a FiFA vai dar de ombros e jogar a sujeira, mais uma vez, para debaixo do tapete.
A Coluna de hoje do Rodrigo Bueno eh para guardar e mostrar pata as gerações futuras, que continuarão gostando de futebol, apesar de tudo.
dezembro 30, 2010
Uma excelente noticia para o Esporte em 2.011 vem do Rio de Janeiro. A Cidade – e porque não o Brasil – ganhara o Projeto Memória Olímpica. Coordenado pela Jornalista Fabiana Bentes de Rengifo, o Memória Olímpica alia história com ações sociais de grande valor. Aguardem o lançamento. O Projeto Memória Olímpica vai dar muito o que falar. Que bom!
dezembro 28, 2010
A melhor coisa que poderia ocorrer logo na primeira semana de Janeiro, seria o bi-ministro Orlando Silva anunciar o fim de malfadado Programa Segundo Tempo (aquele em que o Ministério Publico já apurou desvio de verbas e pôs gente na cadeia) e ter suficiente humildade para reconhcer que as políticas sociais esportivas em sua primeira gestão falharam. E anunciar a formação de um grupo multidisciplinar e supra partidário que tivesse liberdade para delinear e por em pratica um program social esportivo, que investisse na base, nas escolas, revolucionando o conceito do ensino da educação física no Brasil. Continuo achando que isso eh pedir demais a quem pouco conhece do assunto e esta mais preocupado com as obras para a Copa do Mundo e dos Jogos Olímpicos, do que em criar no Brasil uma mentalidade esportiva de massa. Conforme já escrevi aqui, sou a favor de uma agencia nacional de esportes, independente de governos, que possa implantar políticas publicas de esporte de base de longuíssimo prazo.
dezembro 27, 2010
Por José Cruz.
Atletismo: o desempenho do Brasil e dos países do Caribe
Por José Cruz
dezembro 27, 2010
O Projeto Social esportivo da ONG Sylvio de Magalhães Padilha seguiu firme em 2.010. Embora nosso objetivo primordial não seja formar medalhistas, mas, sim, dar para as crianças e suas famílias uma vida melhor através da educação esportiva segundo os pilares do ideal olímpico, obtivemos bons resultados nas pistas. Leandro Prates de Oliveira foi campeão Ibero Americano, vencendo na final dos 1.500 metros o atleta espanhol campeão olímpico em Pequin. Tambem venceu no Troféu Brasil de Atletismo as provas dos 1.500 metros e dos 5.000 metros, consolidando-se como o primeiro do ranking nessas duas especialidade. Seguindo a filosofia da ONG Sylvio de Magalhães Padilha, Leandro não vive somente do esporte. Tem a profissão de policial militar destacado e graduou-se como o primeiro de sua turma, tendo recebido o diploma das mãos do Governador do Estado. Outros dois Atletas despontaram no cenário internacional. Rodrigo, ainda na categoria infantil, esta ente os 20 melhores tempos do mundo, no ano, nos 100 metros rasos, na categoria infantil. No sul-americano do Chile, ganhou duas
medalhas de ouro e uma de prata. A Tatiana, também infantil, serviu a seleção nacional em provas importantes fora do Brasil. Rodrigo e Tatiana nunca haviam tido contacto algum com o atletismo antes de setem chamados a participar do projeto Silvio de Magalhães Padilha, em Paraisopolis. O mais importante, porém, eh que rodas as crianças que fazem parte do projeto, estão incorporando o esportes no cotidiano de suas vidas e sendo cidadãos melhores. Não temos e nem queremos qualquer centavo de dinheiro publico. Nosso Projeto sobrevive, exclusivamente em razão do auxilio mensal de Amigos que acreditam neste trabalho. Nem mesmo patrocínios de grandes empresas nos temos. Eh um trabalho muito gratificante.
dezembro 23, 2010
dezembro 23, 2010
THE ATHLETE: HIS SOCIAL ROLE AND OLYMPIC EMOTIONS By ALBERTO MURRAY NETO, Lawyer in Sao Paulo, Director of the Sylvio de Magalhães Padilha NGO for the support of Sports and the Olympic Movement, Arbiter of the Court for Arbitration of Sport in Lausanne, Switzerland.
In order to attain the larger intent concerning the analysis of the Olympic Games, we must move compulsorily along a broader path that analyzes the social role of the athlete in depth: a psychological analysis of the evolution of sports and sportsmen in our society and their real development throughout time. By the end of last century [sic], the more aristocratic part of society regarded athletes as being noxious for the environment.
They were said to stand idle, being despondent when thinking and dispirited concerning work. This old-fashioned way of thinking that prevailed in Brazil marginalized athletes and is responsible for certain difficulties we face today, since it delayed Brazilian sports for at least fifty years in regard to more developed nations. It has proven difficult to recover those bygone times and we still struggle nowadays due to the repercussions from that era. But as time went by, the society began accepting sports as a real utility factor in the education of individuals’ personalities.
The athlete was now seen as a disseminative element of education and culture due to this new way of thinking. The original concept underwent a transformation. Sports stopped just being a form of entertainment and indeed became a part of the social structure, and athletes need to be seen as essentially important and with a sense of high responsibility. All things that have been attained to date represent the outcome of efforts undertaken with the purpose of building sports upon rational grounds.
The individual effort of the selfless athlete did not have – as it could logically not have had so – the character of a nationwide organization, which could have only been obtained if the means thereto had been provided. In summary, I mean that Brazilian sports took advantage of the best they had in theory, but it cannot be truly said the outcomes were the result of directed planning or consolidated structure. Essentially, this means that Brazilian sports have survived due to the individual efforts of athletes and some directors that have managed to attain their purposes by going against the flow.
Firstly, this is important to understand the importance of athletes as the pillars of the edifice within this context, and secondly to better visualize the reasons for our current conditions. I believe the image of the athlete is the result of the transformation man has undergone since his early beginnings. He arose from nothing and had thus to struggle. And through exertion he evolved. When he needed not strife in this mindless fight to defend his own survival any longer, man continued to feel the need to fight as the inheritance of his past. Intelligence, muscles and nerves guided him. Hence, man attained this magnificent stage of perfection from transformation to transformation that grant so much value to the human species, which makes it stand out and be distinguished. And by aiming even more at perfecting himself, man keeps fighting for a biologically uniform standard.
It is true that we live in a new world now, a scenario that is vastly different from its predecessor, but man continues to fight by being always prepared for life’s constant challenges. Sports – and the image of the athlete – fit in perfectly as a balancing element in the conflict that ensues from this contingency. And the importance of the athlete lies here as a distinct and outstanding element of the human species as someone who knew how to unite all the possibilities of their human condition – the physique and the mind – to develop their personality, thus becoming an example for their kindred. Therefore, athletes are superior beings. This grants them an enormous responsibility as leaders, and we take a leaf out of their books. This example becomes part of a behavior, attitudes and gestures that must differentiate them from normal people.
After having set this description, I shall now analyze some important and polemic matters that are part of athletes’ day-to-day and are related directly to the subject of the foregoing example. Brazil underwent quite deep social-economic transformations which altered all citizens’ lives significantly. People were forced to having new obligations and duties, namely in the last thirty years. Athletes suffered the consequences of those transformations and gradually lost the most elementary conditions of an individual preparatory program. The economic conditions in the country demanded overexertion from each of them. And athletes, without exception, noticed the possibility of harmonizing their sportive lives with any other activity were scarcer each time. For example, the atrophy of our road network in the face of the growth in a city like Sao Paulo has made it difficult to commute for those who sought clubs to perform their training activities after work. It is within this scenario that clubs themselves have made it difficult for the poorer to join their membership groups. It was thus that the idea of pure professionalism began developing in Brazil at a certain moment with the beginning of entrepreneurial interference in sports. That is, in the face of the foregoing facts, it has become practically impossible to persist on that route. Athletes who took part in sports at will till then, even due to a contingency in the evolution of times, were forced to definitely choose a path. This is what in fact happened. Today’s athlete worldwide, mainly the high-performance Olympic one, is not the same from the past. Due to imperious reasons, he began living exclusively from sportive activities and has practically no extra time for other activities. However, the athlete cannot forget that sports have to fulfill their social function above all regardless of this fact. Sports aim at being an integration path between man and society, allowing those practitioners to become an even more useful element for their kin. And athletes, who wish to be so in the more rigorous sense of the word, cannot lose sight of this principle. Athletes need to be conscious that their competitive periods are relatively short if compared to their entire life spans. This is due to the fact that if they do not seek a competitive period during this span of time to develop other activities, even if small, they may have serious troubles in the future. Athletes who are solely dedicated to practicing sports run the risk of becoming not-so-useful elements for society upon terminating their careers, since they will not know how to perform other activities for which performance their bodies will not be fit any longer.
In this case, sports would go against their own principles. As outstanding elements within the human race, athletes would be against this superior condition. All these issues are linked to the matter of being an example. And I understand conditions in Brazil do not make things easy thereto, but athletes who manage to overcome these obstacles will not only and certainly be fulfilling their important social roles, but will also earn some points in the healthy struggle that occurs within the sportive arenas and mainly when fighting for their own survival. Another fundamental point that needs to be mentioned refers to the criminal use of toxic substances that certain athletes have been using to achieve results. This has not only damaged the sportive environment, the relations among athletes, trainers and managers, but also harmed the image society always had about sportsmen. Athletes who were always propelling elements of education and culture are now seen by some as negative examples due to constant doping cases. This is horrible. This issue, which was isolated to a certain point, has become generalized in such a proportion that many have begun to believe that the use of “dope” is a normal and necessary practice for athletes’ training.
The matter of the example arises once more. In my opinion, this matter is directly associated to the foregoing point that concerns exacerbated professionalism with no regard for consequences. Athletes have to ponder about the millions that can many times be within their reach. They have to know how to earn them, but prudentially by always pondering about their condition as athletes, of examples, and their importance for the environment. It is precisely this lack of prudence that brings disastrous consequences for sports. Many athletes do not think about the consequences to achieve their financially millionaire objectives and since they have the need to be more valued each time, they resort to doping substances that are harmful for the organism and which have nothing to do with the philosophy of sports. These people have to be definitely eliminated from the sportive environment. Sports are advertisements of life and not the means to achieve death. Sports teach us many things. For example, they teach us that is not always important to win a match; that winning does not mean being at the top, but that self-improvement of our limits already represents a victory; they also teach us discipline, and to respect our adversaries, to have courage and perseverance; they also teach us to be tolerant with our peers, but mostly teach us to have a peaceful mind under any circumstance, either merry or unhappy. These are the things we learn in the fields of sports and in the daily coexistence with our peers that we have to apply to our practical lives, spreading this philosophy to society in general. Olympism is a philosophy of life. And athletes’ role is essential thereto.
Athletes are not just those who strengthened their muscles through practicing a great sport, but rather those who understood this set of factors and fight to build a better world from them. I repeat: athletes have to be examples of diverse types of guidance. The Olympic Games represent the greatest celebration of worldwide sports. They are the pinnacle of everything I have exposed so far. The healthiest youth in the world gathers to compete therein. They are seen as the ones that can best meet expectations.
They are the example of the example. Those who knew best how to fulfill their roles and stopped being only the paradigm of their nations to become those of the entire universe. And this is the precise emotion the athlete who joins this cream-of-the-crop should feel. Feeling that the athlete overcame all obstacles of any nature thereto upon attaining that place, and that he knew how to fulfill with dignity the role his condition of sportsman granted him. His participation in these games serves to crown his career. The responsibility of the athlete who attained such level is so big that it compels him to redouble his sense of responsibility.
You can well notice the strong influence an Olympic champion has upon his countrymen. All the attention is directed to his figure, not only as an athlete but as a common citizen. At a time when people believe no more in their leaders, the arising figure of a clean and healthy Olympic champion represents a new hope for mankind. This is how society sees these heroes.
Anyhow, the roots of our athletic life are built according to the way of thinking from a generation that developed its philosophy under the influence of romanticism, which saw in the figure of Pierre de Coubertin the representative of a doctrine that catalyzed consciousnesses that remained active until the middle of the new century. Athletes from that generation revealed themselves many times as extraordinary. The contributions of those pioneers – who had an Olympic essence – cannot be denied when sports were no more than a pure profession of faith.
Athletes such as Afrânio Costa, Guilherme Paraense, Sylvio de Magalhães Padilha, Lúcio de Castro, José Telles da Conceição, Adhemar Ferreira da Silva, Piedade Coutinho and Maria Lenk lifted the name of Brazil to Olympic levels without any resources whatsoever during extremely harsh times and when our country practically lived isolated from the world regarding sports, as well as in many other aspects. This may seem a thing of the past for many people. But what I will recount next is the perfect example to illustrate the matter of being an example which I have so incessantly spoken of herein and which has been perpetuated throughout time.
Maybe a few people have heard about the story of the mariner Adalberto Cardoso during the X Olympic Games in Los Angeles in 1932. The trip of the Brazilian delegation to those Games aboard the vessel named “Itaquicê” entered our history as a folk story due to its adversities. Part of the athletes disembarked in the city wherein the games took place, but another one, among which sailor Adalberto Cardoso was included, was forced to continue to San Francisco since they had no money to pay for the disembarkation fees of the entire team. Upon reaching that destination and aware of his responsibilities, the sailor decided to go to Los Angeles to take part in the big competition. With no resources or the support of anyone, the sailor crossed the nearly four hundred kilometers that separate both cities by asking for rides and even did so on foot, reaching the Olympic stadium a few minutes before the competition. With no appropriate warm-up, the mariner took part in the ten thousand meter long run, thus arriving in last place. However, when the public knew about his story, they gave the Brazilian athlete a standing ovation and the local press qualified him as the “Iron Man”. Therefore, that generation based on the principles of the “Olympic Charter” set the examples that were never forgotten and which should be preserved, being subjected to all difficulties with no financial worries.
I repeat, maybe some people think this a thing of the past. But I would like to finish by saying that while there is a space for mariner Adalberto Cardoso in the minds of today’s athletes, rest assured they will be remembered in the future as the “seamen” of our time through an adaptation to the new era.